## Assessment Date¶

HEScore requires an assessment date. If a date is stored in the element Building/ProjectStatus/Date, that date is used. If not, the current date is used.

## Building Shape¶

HEScore requires specifying whether the building is a detached house or a town house through their building.shape input. HPXML can specify this (and a variety of other house types) through the Building/BuildingSummary/BuildingConstruction/ResidentialFacilitytype data element. Not all facility types in HPXML can be modeled in HEScore. The table below shows how the possible enumerations of the HPXML field are translated into HEScore.

HPXML Facility Types to HEScore Building Shape
HPXML HEScore
single-family detached rectangle
single-family attached town_house
manufactured home not translated
2-4 unit building not translated
5+ unit building not translated
multi-family - uncategorized not translated
multi-family - town homes town_house
multi-family - condos not translated
apartment unit not translated
studio unit not translated
other not translated
unknown not translated

Note

For enumerations that are not translated the HPXML file will fail to run in HEScore.

For town houses HEScore requires a town_house_walls input to be specified. This is available in HPXML in the Building/BuildingSummary/Site/Surroundings element. The translation of the enumerations is as follows:

Mapping for shared walls in town houses
HPXML HEScore
stand-alone not translated
attached on one side back_right_front or back_front_left
attached on two sides back_front
attached on three sides not translated

If the HPXML enumeration of attached on one side is present the translation will determine which HEScore enumeration to select based on which side of the house is missing windows.

Warning

• If windows are found on a shared town house wall, the translation will fail.
• HEScore cannot model townhouses that are “attached on three sides” or “stand-alone”. Using one of those inputs will result in a translation error.

## Year Built, Stories, Bedrooms, Floor Height, and Floor Area¶

The HEScore inputs year_built, number_bedrooms, num_floor_above_grade, floor_to_ceiling_height, and conditioned_floor_area are each retrieved from their corresponding HPXML elements shown below.

<HPXML>
...
<Building>
...
<BuildingDetails>
<BuildingSummary>
<BuildingConstruction>
<YearBuilt>1998</YearBuilt>
<ConditionedFloorArea>2400</ConditionedFloorArea>
<AverageCeilingHeight>8</AverageCeilingHeight>
<NumberofBedrooms>3</NumberofBedrooms>
</BuildingConstruction>
</BuildingSummary>
</BuildingDetails>
</Building>
</HPXML>


The HEScore input floor_to_ceiling_height will be calculated by dividing ConditionedBuildingVolume by ConditionedFloorArea if AverageCeilingHeight is omitted.

## House Orientation¶

In HPXML the orientation of a house and orientations in general can be specified as either a compass direction (‘North’,’Southwest’,etc.) or an azimuth measured in degrees clockwise from North. HEScore requires a compass direction for the orientation of the front of the house. If the azimuth is available in Building/BuildingDetails/BuildingSummary/Site/AzimuthOfFrontOfHome the nearest compass direction is chosen. If the azimuth is omitted from HPXML but the OrientationOfFronOfHome element exists, the orientation is used.

## Infiltration¶

HPXML allows the specification of multiple Building/BuildingDetails/Enclosure/AirInfiltration/AirInfiltrationMeasurement elements, which can contain either a blower door test or a qualitative assessment of “leakiness”. HPXML also allows the specification of multiple Building/BuildingDetails/Enclosure/AirInfiltration/AirSealing elements, which can contain a qualitative assessment of “leakiness”. Either of the elements above is required. HEScore can be used with either a measurement from a blower door test or by specifying whether the house has been air sealed or not (boolean). Preference is given to a blower door test measurement when it is available in HPXML.

### Blower Door Test¶

The translator first looks for an AirInfiltrationMeasurement with units of CFM50. If more than one of the AirInfiltrationMeasurement elements have units in CFM50, the last one to appear in the document is used. If there are no measurements in CFM50, it will look for one in ACH50. If more than one of the AirInfiltrationMeasurement elements have units in ACH50, the last one to appear in the document is used. If the UnitofMeasure element has a value of ACH, then the value is converted to CFM using the building volume calculated by the floor area and floor height.

An example of the minimum expected elements in HPXML follows:

<AirInfiltrationMeasurement>
<SystemIdentifier id="infilt1"/>
<HousePressure>50</HousePressure><!-- Must be 50 -->
<BuildingAirLeakage>
<UnitofMeasure>CFM<!-- or ACH --></UnitofMeasure>
<AirLeakage>1234</AirLeakage>
</BuildingAirLeakage>
</AirInfiltrationMeasurement>


### Air Sealing Present¶

When a blower door test is not available the translator looks for an AirInfiltrationMeasurement or AirSealing that specifies an estimate of leakage. An example of the minimum expected elements in that case looks like:

<AirInfiltrationMeasurement>
<SystemIdentifier id="infilt2"/>
<LeakinessDescription>tight</LeakinessDescription>
</AirInfiltrationMeasurement>

<AirSealing>
<SystemIdentifier id="infilt3"/>
</AirSealing>


If more than one AirInfiltrationMeasurement is found that have the above elements, the last one to appear in the document is used. Whether the house is marked as having air sealing present is determined according to the following mapping from LeakinessDescription:

HPXML LeakinessDescription to HEScore Air Sealing Present
Leakiness Description Air Sealing Present
very tight True
tight True
average False
leaky False
very leaky False

If AirSealing is found, the enclosure of the house is assumed to be air-sealed.

The hpxml-hescore translator allows passing through comments. Since there’s no equivalent way to communicate this information in HPXML under the Building node, the translator will look for a specifically named element in extension of Building:
<Building>

If there’s no comment found in extension element, the translator will look for the Project/ProjectDetails/Notes element for comments. Only the first Project node will be selected. For complicated cases where buildings are assigned to multiple projects, using the extension element is recommended.